How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria
Fish feed ingredients
Like other animals, fish requires a feed formula containing protein, carbohydrates, lipids,
minerals, and vitamins for healthy growth. Fish requires mostly protein in their feed.
The major ingredients used for fish feed production
1. Rice Bran: The bran layer and germ of the rice is rich in fat and are good for fish food.
2. Fish Meal: It is produced by cooking fish, rolling and pressing to remove water and oil, and then drying. This ingredient is responsible for the protein supplementation in the fish feed.
3. Soyabean Meal: This is the major source of protein in the fish feed formulation. It is easy to digest by fish.
4. Groundnut Cake: This can be substituted for soybean in the feed, which supplies amino acids.
5. Cottonseed Meal: It is highly palatable and contains about 40% protein.
6. Maize: This is the major carbohydrate source in the fish feed formulation and accounts for up to 30% of the total diet. Other ingredients include wheat offal, vitamins, growth boosters, crayfish dust, cassava, palm oil, eggs, salt, etc.
Feed Formulation Procedure:3
Depending on the feed required, pelleting or extrusion can be used. Farmers in Nigeria favor extruded floating feeds because they can observe the feeding processing to prevent wasteful feeding. If it is done by pelletizing, the pellets sink when thrown into the pond.
Here are Guides on How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria
1. Ingredients to be mixed based on proper proportion.
2. It is then transferred to a feed pelleting machine which cuts the feed into desired sizes.
3. The feed is then dried using a feed drier.
4. Once adequately dried, it is stored in a cool and dry place to avoid damping of the feed.
The summary of the process is as follows: fish feed grinding – feed mixing – feed extrusion – pellet drying, pellet cooling, and packaging.
LIMA, a Chinese professional company, is devoted to manufacturing-supplying floating fish feed pellet machines. LIMA has successfully developed different fish feed pellet machines with advanced technology. The produced fish feed is used for aquaculture and animal husbandry, such as Catfish, Tilapia fish, dogs, tortoises, frogs, etc. If you are interested in fish feed machines, please contact us. We can design a unique fish feed pellet machine for you according to your requirement.
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